US Millitary Coast Guard Careers

US Coastguard CareersThe US Coast Guard is under the direction of the US Department of Homeland Security. The US Coastguard provides the nation with its oldest continuing seagoing sea services including Search and Rescue missions (SAR), Maritime Law Enforcement (MLE), Aids to Navigation (ATON), Ice Breaking, Environmental Protection, Port Security and Military Readiness. There are several different career categories available to both enlisted and reservist members of the coastguard. Below is a list of some of the main career categories available to enlisted coastguard members.

  •  AMT - Aviation Maintenance Technician
  • AST - Aviation Survival Technician
  • AV - Avionics Technician
  • BM - Boatswain’s Mate
  • DC - Damage Control man
  • EM - Electrician’s Mate
  • ET - Electronics Technician
  • FS - Food Service Specialist
  • GM - Gunner’s Mate
  • - Health Services Technician
  • IT - Information Systems Technician
  • IV - Investigator
  • MK - Machinery Technician
  • MST - Marine Science Technician
  • MU - Musician
  • OS - Operations Specialist (OS)
  • PA - Public Affairs Specialist
  • PS - Port Security Specialist
  • SK - Storekeeper
  • YN - Yeoman

 There are several subcategories of different careers located under these major categories.


Educational Requirements & Licensing Requirements

 For Enlisted Coastguard Members:

  • You must be between the ages of 17-27, prior service up to age 29 and up to age 32 if attending an ‘A’ school) for Active Duty. (If you are 17, you’ll need parental consent.)
  • Reservists must be between ages 17-39. You must have a high school diploma. GED’s are accepted in rare circumstances.
  • You can have no more than two dependents.
  • As part of the recruitment process, you will have to pass the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) test and a military entrance medical exam. We are now currently accepting minimum qualification scores of 45 or higher in the ASVAB.
  • You will also be subject to a police background check and as with other military services; felony convictions will disqualify you from consideration. Your credit will also be evaluated.
  • Complete coastguard basic training-7.5 weeks
  • For Officers in the Coastguard:
  • You must have a bachelor’s degree
  • Score High enough on the ASVAB test
  • You can successfully graduate from the Coast Guard Academy- located in New London, Conn., successfully completing the Officer Coastguard Candidate School (OCS-17 weeks), or through several Direct Commission Programs

Educational Courses

Military skills
Vocational skills and academics
Military bearing
Physical fitness and wellness
Water survival and swim qualifications
Esprit de corps

Core values (Honor, Respect, and Devotion to Duty)

Employment Statistics

Number of service people in the US Coastguard: 42,000/7,000 reservists/35,000 auxiliary personnel

  • Projected Employment jobs in the US military are expected to be excellent through 2018. The military needs over 184,000 new recruits to replace retiring military members on a yearly basis.
  • Enlisted military members have one pay scale and officers another. It is based on time in service and ranking level. In the coastguard, a beginning enlisted service person with less than 4 months of service will make around $1300 per month. A beginning lowest ranking officer with little or no experience will start out at about $2600 per month.

Great Colleges

If you want to be an officer in the US Coastguard, get a bachelor’s degree, get a high enough score on the ASVAB test, and get accepted and complete Officer Coastguard Candidate School program (OCS).

Related Careers

Careers in US Marines
Career in US Navy
Careers in US Army
Careers in US Coastguard

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